This speech by President Ronald Reagan to the people of West Berlin contains one of the most memorable lines spoken during his presidency. The twelve-foot concrete wall extended for a hundred miles, surrounding West Berlin, and included electrified fences and guard posts. The wall stood as a stark symbol of the decades-old Cold War between the United States and Soviet Russia in which the two politically opposed superpowers continually wrestled for dominance, stopping just short of actual warfare.
Foreign and Domestic Entanglements U. Libyan leader Muammar el-Qaddafi above survived the attack, although his home was targeted.
Ronald Reagan, Cold Warrior. Soviet troops were in Afghanistan. Nicaragua was led by a Soviet-backed Sandinista government. Communist guerillas threatened to take over in neighboring El Salvador.
Cuban-backed troops waged a successful insurgency in Angola. Reagan hoped to negotiate with the Soviet Union, but believed he could only achieve concessions if dealing from a position of superiority.
His increase in military spending would force a similar increase on the part of the Soviet rivals.
In addition to upgrading all three branches of the American strategic defense, he proposed a bold new scheme to defend the United States mainland from any incoming ballistic missiles. This Strategic Defense Initiative SDI drew criticism from liberal Democrats who deemed it too costly and from scientists who questioned its feasibility.
The Iran-Contra Committee convened in in an attempt to learn more about the secret funding of the Nicaraguan contras. No link could be made to President Reagan, who replied, "I don't remember" to most questions about his involvement.
When Mikhail Gorbachev assumed leadership of the USSR inproclaiming a new policy of openness, Reagan believed it was time to act. The two leaders agreed in principle to an Intermediate Nuclear Forces treaty inwhich for the first time eliminated an entire class of existing nuclear weapons.
Around the globe, Reagan was determined to vanquish the specter of Vietnam. He believed the United States could ill afford to sit passively while communism expanded aggressively. He announced the Reagan Doctrine, which pledged American support to "freedom fighters" opposing Communism any where on the globe.
Funds and CIA training were awarded to the government of El Salvador to help defeat communist guerillas. After left-leaning revolutionaries took over the island of Grenada inReagan dispatched the Marines to install a US-friendly regime.
The United States gave support to the mujahedeen rebels who fought against Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. Another international menace was state-sponsored terrorism. In OctoberMarines were killed in Lebanon by a suicide bomber. Governments such as Syria, Libya, and Iran were suspected to training terrorist groups on their own soil.
Reagan warned the nations of the world that if the United States could ever prove a link between an act of terrorism and a foreign government, there would be serious consequences.
The "glasnost" openness and "perestroika" reform of Mikhail Gorbachev's term as Soviet Premier led to lessened tensions and a better dialogue between the U. Terrorism and anti-Communism combined to confront Reagan with his worst domestic scandal.
In Novemberthe press reported that American military supplies had been secretly sold to archenemy Iran in exchange for their support for the release of American hostages held in Lebanon.
As the story unraveled, it was revealed that a National Security Council aide named Oliver North diverted proceeds from the Iran deal to support the Nicaraguan contras, who fought against the Sandinista government. The Congress had expressly forbidden such aid, but high-level Reagan Administration officials had proceeded nonetheless.
Documents were shredded to mask the paper trail in the White House. No connection to between the scandal and President Reagan was ever proven. When asked about his knowledge of the Iran-Contra affair, Reagan repeatedly replied: Here, the Archive has posted links to documents relating to the Iran-Contra affair, with accompanying descriptions.
Together, these materials help to piece together an alarming story that implicates high levels of government in a vast network of covert operations, including the importation of cocaine into the United States.Feb 27, · Trump strikes deal with Boeing for new Air Force One planes.
White House says President Trump has struck an 'informal' deal with Boeing for new . Ronald Reagan was one of the most influential presidents in U.S. history. Learn more about his life, including his early Hollywood career and California governorship, at alphabetnyc.com This speech by President Ronald Reagan to the people of West Berlin contains one of the most memorable lines spoken during his presidency.
White House. Obama: I'm Reagan and Hillary can be Bush President compares himself to Ronald Reagan as he strives for a 'transformational' presidency.
This speech by President Ronald Reagan to the people of West Berlin contains one of the most memorable lines spoken during his presidency. The New Deal coalition was the alignment of interest groups and voting blocs in the United States that supported the New Deal and voted for Democratic presidential candidates from until the late s.
It made the Democratic Party the majority party during that period, losing only to Dwight D. Eisenhower, a pro-New Deal Republican, in and