Fagan Pennsylvania State University Introduction Augustus is arguably the single most important figure in Roman history. In the course of his long and spectacular career, he put an end to the advancing decay of the Republic and established a new basis for Roman government that was to stand for three centuries.
See Article History Alternative Titles: In his last years he became a tyrannical recluse, inflicting a reign of terror against the major personages of Rome.
They fled first to Sicily and then to Greece, but by the time Tiberius was three years old an amnesty was granted and the family was able to return to Rome.
Tiberius as a young man, marble bust found in Egypt in ; in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen. Courtesy of the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen In 39 bce Augustus had the power, if not yet the title, of emperor.
Attracted by the beauty of Livia, who was at that time pregnant with a second son, Augustus divorced his own wife, who was also pregnant, and, forcing the elder Tiberius to give up Livia, married her.
The infant Tiberius remained with his father, and, when the younger brother, Drususwas born a few months later, he was sent to join them. At the death of his father, Tiberius was nine years old, and, with Drusus, he went to live with Livia and the emperor.
They were instructed in rhetoricliterature, diplomacyand military skills, and soon they also began taking a ceremonial role in the affairs of state. As oldest, Tiberius was the first to do so. Though not a striking figure, he conducted himself well. Serious by nature, he had become a shy youth, though he was sometimes called sullen.
His great talent was application. With the best teachers in the empire at his disposal and, above all, as a participant in life at the palace, the centre of the civilized Western world, he learned rapidly. By age 14 Tiberius was used to dining with kings of the empire, to conducting religious services over the heads of powerful men five times his age, and even to seeing his own form in marble statues.
Years in the shadow of Augustus Tiberius was not handsome.
As a teenager, he was tall and broad-shouldered, but his complexion was bad. His nose had a pronounced hook, but that was typically Roman. His manner was disconcerting.
He had a slow, methodical way of speaking that seemed intended to conceal his meaning rather than make it plain. But he was diligent. He may not have known he would be emperor, but he cannot have doubted that he would be at least a general at a rather early age and thereafter a high official in the government of Rome.
In 27 bce, when Tiberius was 15 years old, Augustus took him and Marcellus to Gaul to inspect outposts. They experienced no fighting, but they learned a great deal about how to rule the marches, keep fortifications intact, and keep garrisons alert. When they returned, Augustus gave Marcellus his daughter Julia as wife.
Then Tiberius himself married.
Besides his love for his wife—and for his brother, Drusus, now growing into manhood—he was occupied with important work. His first military command, at age 22, resulting in the recovery of standards of some Roman legions that had been lost decades before in Parthia, brought him great acclaim.
As a reward, he asked for another active command and was given the assignment of pacifying the province of Pannonia on the Adriatic Sea.Caligula (/ k ə ˈ l ɪ ɡ j ʊ l ə /; Latin: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 31 August 12 – 24 January 41 AD) was Roman emperor from AD 37 to AD The son of the popular Roman general Germanicus and Augustus' granddaughter Agrippina the Elder, Caligula was born into the first ruling family of the Roman Empire, conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Apr 06, · Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus, the founder of the Roman Empire and its first emperor. By the age of 19, he was raising a private army, leading troops into battle, playing the dangerous. Augustus (Latin: Imperator Caesar Divi filius Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD His status as the founder of the Roman Principate has consolidated an enduring legacy as one of the most effective and controversial leaders in.
Virtual Catalog of Roman Coins. An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors. DIR Atlas Trajan (A.D.
) Herbert W. Benario. Emory University. Introduction and Sources.
Augustus was born Gaius Octavius on 23 September 63 BC in Rome. In 43 BC his great-uncle, Julius Caesar, was assassinated and in his will, Octavius, known as Octavian, was named as his heir. He. Augustus (also known as Octavian) was the first emperor of ancient alphabetnyc.comus came to power after the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BCE.
In 27 BCE Augustus “restored” the republic of Rome, though he himself retained all real power as the princeps, or “first citizen,” of alphabetnyc.comus held that title until his death in 14 CE.