A study of official census records from until the present shows that the number of people born abroad living in Britain was very small until the middle of the twentieth century and that the growth of this population between censuses was quite slow. Indeed, in the eighty years between andthe population born abroad increased by only about one million. It increased slowly after the Second World War, growing by less than two million in the forty years between and In the late s the pace and scale of migration increased to a level without historical precedent.
Issues raised in paper, such as ageing and shrinking workforce, remain urgent and need to be tackled By Calvin ChengPublished The Straits Times, 9 Jan Three years ago in Januarythe Government released the now infamous Population White Paper. To say the reaction was negative would be an understatement: Since then, populist anti-immigrant anger has swept through several developed countries in the West.
Sincethe Singapore Government has, out of political necessity, rolled back immigration and tightened the inflow of foreign labour; for all intents and purposes, it seems Population white paper the Population White Paper is on ice and few politicians now mention it in Population white paper.
If these developments are being read by Singapore critics of the Population White Paper as vindication of their opposition to it, they would be wrong. Our population is still ageing and baby boomers are still entering retirement. The number of working-age Singaporeans will still start to decrease fromwhich is now three years away, not seven.
The citizen population will still start to decline in - now eight years away, not The total fertility rate has barely budged despite various efforts. Disastrously, some things have actually got worse. The White Paper said that in order to achieve an average of 3 to 5 per cent gross domestic product growth up toSingapore will need 2 to 3 per cent annual productivity growth, whilst maintaining 1 to 2 per cent workforce growth.
The recent cuts in foreign manpower put downward pressure on total workforce growth, which has to be made up for by even higher productivity growth. That is not happening; productivity growth has instead stagnated, with even seeing a fall in productivity of 0.
It is worth reiterating at this juncture: None of the assumptions in the Population White Paper has changed, and on some, the outlook has worsened, not got better. In Britain, much of the anger was directed against the free- movement-of-labour policies of the European Union - any citizen of a qualifying EU country, including less developed countries such as Bulgaria, Romania and Poland, had a right to move to Britain to seek work without visa restrictions.
There is genuinely an open-door policy for these foreign workers moving into Britain. Singapore never had such a policy and nothing in the Population White Paper argued for such a policy. Immigration and the inflow of foreign labour into Singapore have always been controlled, and will always be controlled through visa and work-pass requirements.
The refugee crisis in the EU also has no parallels in Singapore, which does not take in refugees. Again, Singapore does not tolerate illegal immigrants. Not only does Singapore jail them, but it also canes anyone who overstays by more than 90 days.
Local xenophobes and populists should make sure, in drawing comparisons to situations abroad, that their arguments are not built on sand. There are few Singaporeans whose forefathers were not themselves immigrants. It is conviction and choice. We cannot and should not contemplate closing our borders to immigrants and foreigners.
The Government must realise that inunlike now, their political capital was at an all-time low. Not only did the PAP just lose Aljunied GRC in in the worst general election performance since independence, but it was also soundly defeated in the Punggol By-election, days before the White Paper was released.
The PAP paid a political price, not because the reasoning behind its immigration policies was wrong, but because it messed up the execution. One cannot expect the people to support a policy with no immediate benefits to their daily lives, whilst enduring daily infrastructure deficiencies in the present.
Many of these problems have now either been solved or, at the very least, are in the process of being solved. Housing prices have stabilised, and the cooling-off measures should stay in place for now.
Real efforts are being put in to correct the deficiencies of public transport, with the de-listing of SMRT and the implementation of the bus contracting model. The Government must also continue to differentiate between sectors where wages can be pushed up by restricting foreign labour while maintaining competitiveness, and those that cannot.
Raising the wages of cleaners and security guards by hiring only locals will not directly impact on national competitiveness, because a Singaporean security guard does not compete with a security guard in Mumbai. But denying a talented banker or IT professional an employment pass in Singapore will just mean she moves to another country where she still competes with Singaporeans, just without Singapore reaping any benefit.
Technology is making the world more global, not less, despite the best efforts of isolationists. Foreigners will compete with us whether they are physically here or not. If they are physically here, we can at least make sure that companies that produce for the region and the world stay in Singapore, instead of relocating elsewhere in order to have access to the manpower they need.
The arguments in the White Paper that explained that foreign workers are necessary for a dynamic economy not only still hold true, but they also become ever more urgent as technology globalises jobs.
The Government thus needs to redouble efforts to once again explain all of these to the electorate, especially since our population and manpower issues have not improved.
The best opportunity for it to do so is coming up, with the Committee on the Future Economy CFE due to deliver its first report soon.1. Introduction. In Sub-Saharan Africa nearly million people—or 70% of the population—live without electricity ().This region contains nearly half of the unelectrified households in the world and decisions about how to increase energy access will have major implications for .
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Approximately 25 percent of the U.S. For these reasons, the People's Action Party (PAP) Government cannot afford to sidestep the very real issues the Population White Paper highlighted any longer. The Government must realise that in , unlike now, their political capital was at an all-time low.
There has been significant recent publicity about ‘tiny houses’ and tiny home communities for homeless alphabetnyc.com paper argues that ‘tiny homes’ should be a model for subsidized permanent supportive housing and one of the tools in the tool box to respond to homelessness.
February 7, The Cisco ® Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update is part of the comprehensive Cisco VNI Forecast, an ongoing initiative to track and forecast the impact of visual networking applications on global networks.
This report presents some of the major global mobile data traffic projections and growth trends. 1 Melungeons, A Multi-Ethnic Population. Roberta J. Estes, Jack H. Goins, Penny Ferguson, Janet Lewis Crain. Abstract. The Melungeons were a group of individuals found primarily in Hawkins and Hancock Counties.