I w as born in In that same year, I had my cultural and mystical awakenings. During my second year of college, I had my first existential crisis and a paranormal event changed my studies from science to business. I s till held my energy dreams, however, and ineight years after that first paranormal event, I had a second one that suddenly caused me to move up the coast from Los Angeles to Seattle, where I landed in the middle of what is arguably the greatest attempt yet made to bring alternative energy to the American marketplace.
In a recent victory, M. Environmental science has been a subject of great importance to us from ancient time. However, not much concern was expressed until some signs of its detritions are noticed as a result of human activities. Several governmental and non-governmental organizations have initiated programs to monitor and understand it better.
Atmospheric chemistry, pollution, air quality are among the prominent environmental issues of the 21st century. Therefore awareness about it must begin at the grass root level through schools. It directed the National Council for Educational Research and Training NCERT to frame a model syllabus for the schools keeping in view the judgment and submit it before the court on or before 14th April so as to enable them to consider the feasibility to introduce such syllabus uniformly throughout the country.
Learned Attorney General pointed out to us that the Central Government is associated with education at higher levels and University Grants Commission can monitor only the undergraduate and postgraduate studies. The rest of it, according to him, is a state subject.
He has agreed that the university Grants Commission will take appropriate steps immediately to give effect to what we have said, that is requiring the universities to prescribe a course on Environment.
They would consider the feasibility of making this a compulsory subject at every level in college education. So far as education up to the college level is concern, we would require every State Government and every Education Board connected with education up to the matriculation stage or even intermediate colleges to immediately take steps to enforce compulsory education on environment in graded way.
Hence, the above Supreme Court directive is a positive gesture for environmental science awareness campaign. The concept to save our environment will automatically follow once awareness is created about its importance in the main stream. Now it is left to the implementing agencies as to how fast and effectively they can act on it.
Because this may certainly require a proper balance in overall load on a student by shortening the syllabus of other subjects without compromising the important elements and at the same time full weightage should be given to the new subject. We should start working directly and more rigorously on the content and material to be tough in a systematic manner in different standards regarding the environment subject.
The environmental science should be considered as compulsory subject irrespective of the selection of optional subject.
In a later stage say in intermediate or sothis may be included as specialized course rather than subject, which may cover different disciplines of environmental science in detail. Mehta filed this application in the public interest, asking the Supreme Court to: Petitioner made this application on the grounds that Article 51A g of the Constitution requires every citizen to protect and improve the natural environment, including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
To fulfil these obligations to the environment, the Petitioner argued that people needed to be better educated about the environment. Water Pollution Control Act of Air Pollution Control Act Environment Protection Act of Held The Court noted the world-wide concern about environmental matters had increased greatly since the early s.
Thus, the Court issued the following directions: Failure to comply with this order is grounds for cancellation of a license. One such film will be shown, as far as practicable, in one show every day by the cinema halls.
They should consider making this course a compulsory subject. As far as education up to the college level, every State Government and every Education Board connected with education up to the matriculation stage, as well as intermediate colleges, is required to take steps to enforce compulsory education on the environment in a graded way.
Compliance is required for the next academic year. Tracing the history of the case that culminated in the December 18 court order may itself constitute an academic exercise of sorts. In its order, delivered on November 22,the court had directed the central government, states, union territories and educational organizations responsible for prescribing syllabi to comply with its ruling by the academic year ; it had also mandated commercial cinema halls to allow a minimum number of free slide shows on the theme of environmental protection and asked authorities to cancel the licenses of errant halls.
So Mehta petitioned the court again on July 21,whereupon the court issued notices to the same state agencies, seeking their responses regarding the implementation of its order. About a month later, on November 25, the court also had to issue notices to Tamil Nadu regarding contradictions in its request for exemptions from filing the affidavit before the deadline; on December 9, the chief secretary apologized in that regard on behalf of that state.
The situation now, however, is a little different: This time the court has taken it on itself to oversee the process directly, one of whose chief elements includes for it to approve the syllabi that the agencies are ordered to turn in by April Of course, as noted earlier, the Indian press has relegated this whole issue to insignificance, even at the level of news.
A number of factors actually point to the probability that the order at best extends and empowers the vapid and, in many ways, crudely technocratic Indian bureaucracy; at worst, it outclasses the bureaucracy in its lack of imagination and anti-democratic paternalism.
For one, it is ludicrous for the court to assume that the myriad agencies that have dishonored it for the past 12 years would now be excited about and capable of activating - genuinely teaching - the syllabi in classrooms once they are designed and introduced.
Short of that, how is the court going to ensure anything significant in the sensitive area of education? The fact of the matter is that the Indian education system, a single but formidable component of the government, is an unwieldy bureaucracy still firmly rooted in the colonial past: Qualitatively it was the branch of British colonial government entrusted to breed clerks and petty officials to serve the Crown; administratively it was and continues to be highly centralized, even though India has a large number of universities, most of which are geographically divided into small colleges.
Anybody who has an Indian education is likely to agree that most of it is based on learning by rote and time-bound annual exams.Published: Mon, 5 Dec Nature is important and valuable for us and it is our responsible to keep maintain it.
By this, green economy is an economy when we . Stage-wise Syllabus for Environmental Education. Mission Statement.
Creating a society of motivated citizens committed to conservation, preservation and protection of the environment and striving towards a life in perfect harmony with nature.
Environmental topics have been included in many subjects and curriculum from time to time in the schools, colleges, universities and other institutions but a transformation in environmental law in India began in when an Indian lawyer, M.C.
Mehta, persuaded India’s Supreme Court to rule that Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which guarantees each citizen the “right to life.
Pollution in China is one aspect of the broader topic of environmental issues in alphabetnyc.coms forms of pollution have increased as China has industrialised, which has caused widespread environmental and health problems..
China will either shut down or curtail operations at dozens of steel plants from November , over the next five months under an aggressive action plan to reduce winter. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. Browse by Topic.
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