Aquinas the cardinal virtues essay

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Aquinas the cardinal virtues essay

The four virtues can be exercised by any individual as they represent the foundation of natural morality. The main objective of this paper is to explore Aquinas' four cardinal virtues. Thomas Aquinas, prudence is the first main virtue. Prudence assists individuals in making effectual judgments between right and wrong.

Consequently, it may require the individuals to seek for counsel and guidance because of easiness to succumb evil.

Undoubtedly, justice, the second virtue, centers on will.

War and the Virtues in Aquinas’s Ethical Thought - Sample Essays

Hardon describes justice as a constant and permanent determination to offer each individual his or her rightful due. Besides, injustice can refer to the unfair treatments of other individuals.

Consequently, the legal rights may in most instances outweigh the natural rights Dalai Lama n. Fortitude, on the other hand, is a gift of the Holy Spirit. Prudence and justice assist in making correct decisions giving people the strength to implement them.

Nevertheless, temperance entails the restraint of our passions and desires. Additionally, temperance assists individuals in balancing their legitimate goods and inordinate ones. The four cardinal virtues are paramount for human morality and should be the basis of each modern society as well as the pillars of human relations.For these reasons, the Four Cardinal Virtues exist.

The four cardinal virtues of Prudence, Justice, Fortitude and Temperance are interconnected. This means that if you do not possess one of them, all the others are spoiled, and so you do not possess virtue at all.

Aquinas cardinal virtues essay

Aquinas refers to these virtues as the “cardinal” virtues. They are the principle habits on which the rest of the virtues hinge (cardo) (Rickaby, ).

Aquinas the cardinal virtues essay

To put the matter another way, each cardinal virtue refers to a general type of rectitude that has various specifications. Aquinas explains that reason and revelation parallel moral development of virtue and grace. Reason is something you can practice, much like the four cardinal virtues temperance, courage, justice, and wisdom.

These three theological virtues faith, hope and love help you achieve grace. It then attempts to show that Aquinas’s thinking on war is rooted in his understanding of the virtues by providing a brief overview of how the cardinal virtues (prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance) and theological virtues (faith, hope, and charity) are connected to just war considerations.

1 Aquinas and the Ethics of Virtue Thomas Williams Note: This is a preprint of my introduction to the forthcoming translation by Margaret Atkins of Thomas Aquinas’s Disputed Questions on the Virtues (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy).

Aquinas the cardinal virtues essay

KEY WORDS: Thomas Aquinas, just war, cardinal virtues, theological virtues, virtue ethics Introduction In recent years there has been much scholarly debate regarding war and the moral basis for using military force in order to uphold international law, protect human rights, and combat the threat of terrorism around the world.

Plato's Meno and Thomas Aquinas on Justice in the text Four Cardinal Essay