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Geography and Early History of Israel and Palestine The land variously called Israel and Palestine is a small, 10, square miles at present land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.
During its long history, its area, population and ownership varied greatly. The present state of Israel occupies all the land from the Jordan river to the Mediterranean ocean, bounded by Egypt in the south, Lebanon in the north, and Jordan in the East.
The remainder is divided between land occupied by Israel since the 6-day war and the autonomous regions under the control of the Palestinian autonomy. Palestine has been settled continuously for tens of thousands of years.
Fossil remains have been found of Homo Erectus, Neanderthal and transitional types between Neanderthal and modern man.
Archeologists have found hybrid Emmer wheat at Jericho dating from before 8, B. Amorites, Canaanites, and other Semitic peoples related to the Phoenicians of Tyre entered the area about B. The area became known as the Land of Canaan.
Click here for historical maps and some details of early history The Jewish Kingdoms of Ancient Judah and Israel The archeological record indicates that the Jewish people evolved out of native Cana'anite peoples and invading tribes. Some time between about and B. Canaan was settled by different tribes including Semitic peoples, Hittites, and later Philistines, peoples of the sea who are thought to have arrived from Mycenae, or to be part of the ancient Greek peoples that also settled Mycenae.
According to the Bible, Moses led the Israelites, or a portion of them, out of Egypt. Under Joshua, they conquered the tribes and city states of Canaan.
Based on biblical traditions, it is estimated that king David conquered Jerusalem about B. The kingdom was divided into Judea in the south and Israel in the north following the death of David's son, Solomon.
Jerusalem remained the center of Jewish sovereignty and of Jewish worship whenever the Jews exercised sovereignty over the country in the subsequent period, up to the Jewish revolt in AD.
The Babylonians conquered Judea or Judah around B. They destroyed Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem, and exiled a large number of Jews. About 50 years later, the Persian king Cyrus conquered Babylonia. Cyrus allowed a group of Jews from Babylonia to rebuild Jerusalem and settle in it.
However, a large number of Jews remained in Babylonia, forming the first Jewish Diaspora. After the reestablishment of a Jewish state or protectorate, the Babylonian exiles maintained contact with authorities there.
The Persians ruled the land from about to B. Alexander the Great then conquered the Persian Empire.An Overview of the Conditions on the Boats During the Middle Passage PAGES 1. WORDS View Full Essay.
More essays like this: african slaves, the middle passage, boats conditions, slave traders. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. The captives were about to embark on the infamous Middle Passage, so called because it was the middle leg of a three-part voyage -- a voyage that began and ended in Europe.
In , Japanese Canadian Internment occurred when over 22, Japanese Canadians from British Columbia were evacuated and interned in the name of ‘national security’.
This decision followed the events of the Japanese invasions of Hong Kong and Malaya, the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the subsequent Canadian declaration of war on Japan during World War II.
Alaska and Canada - Aleutian Islands, Bears and Inside Passage. This exciting voyage begins in polar waters, sailing among glaciers, wildlife and tundra, and progresses towards warmer ports with .
The "Middle Passage" was the path taken by slave trading ships from the West-coast of Africa, (where slaves were obtained) across the Atlantic Ocean to the New World (where slaves were sold or traded for goods such as sugar & molasses).
The conditions on slaver ships were so harsh and unbearable that from thirteen to nineteen percent of Africans died in the Middle Passage. Mortality rates were particularly high during the first few centuries of the trans-Atlantic trade, before shipping technology improved to shorten the length of the overall voyage.