Those five are the duties of universal obligation.
A rally of British fascists in Fascism is often represented in the academic literature as a pseudo-ideology, lacking any coherence or system of thought.
This was a political position taken post-war in an attempt to deny the romantic and emotional appeal of fascist thought.
Fascist ideology is based in an authoritarian collectivism.
The individual is meaningless; the collectivity the state, the nation or the race is paramount. Fascism has been characterised by a strong social agenda; in Nazi Germany, the desire to foster racial supremacy included extensive state intervention in society and the economy, with a stress on socialisation both through schooling and youth movements and eugenic policies.
Eugenic ideologies existed before fascism, and although they were discredited by their association with medical murder and the holocaust they have resurfaced in recent years. They are characterised by the nineteenth-century belief that socially constructed characteristics, like poverty, crime or sexuality are inborn, and that they will inevitably find a way to emerge unless breeding is regulated.
Repeated attempts in social science have found no empirical support for the belief that such characteristics are replicated between generations. The extreme right in Europe is mainly racialist and nationalist rather than collectivist.
In Greece, however, Golden Dawn has adopted an authoritarian, collectivist ideology referring directly to fascist tropes.
Political ideas Well being is a multi-faceted concept: Despite the ambiguity; some generalisations are possible: Individualists and economists define well-being as a property of 'individuals'.
Social well-being is the interests of people in groups, which is not always the same as the people within it; there are often conflicts between the interests of individuals, families and communities.
For example, it is generally considered to be in the interests of a nation to defend itself against attack, even where people within it suffer directly as a result. Individual and social welfare coincide because people are interdependent, social creatures, and people rely on social mechanisms like social interaction, exchange, the division of labour, and education for their personal development and well-being.
Solidarity The idea of solidarity is referred to in Catholic social teaching as "a firm and persevering determination to commit oneself to the common good, that is This is mainly expressed through reciprocity, or exchange. Often, though, reciprocity is "generalized"; there is no simple balance, but people give because they have received something in the past, or because some future reciprocity is possible.
For example, parents give to children because their own parents gave to them; people support pensioners in the expectation that future generations will support them when they are pensioners.
Generalized reciprocity is the norm within families, but it also occurs in mutual insurance. Solidarity can be difficult to distinguish from 'altruism', but there is no reason to suppose that the motivation is unselfish. The central problem of solidarity is that it is often exclusive - confined to a special group.
Catholic social teaching Rights Rights are rules: Moral rights are rights which are backed by a moral claim; legal rights are backed by a legal sanction. Rights to welfare can be general applying to everyone or particular applying, like contractual rights, only to specific people.
The welfare states of continental Europe have mainly developed particular rights, related to membership of schemes and individual rights; this has proved a very effective way of promoting social protection, most notably in the area of pensions, but it does not necessarily extend to the whole population.
The model followed by the UK attempted to extend rights to everyone, on the basis of citizenship. Citizenship is the right to have rights.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October – 30 January ), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā "Great Soul"). In India he is generally regarded as Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ bāpu "father"), Jathi Pitha and Raashtra Pita; he was an advocate and pioneer of nonviolent social protest and direct action in the form he called Satyagraha. Social class: A social class is a societies, it is most usefully confined to the social divisions in modern societies, particularly industrialized ones. Social classes must be distinguished from status groups; Many opponents of Marxist theory have focused attention on the functional interdependence of different classes and their. The positions people hold are not, however, straightforward. There is an individualistic left wing, and a collectivist right wing. Left-wingers favour social security (which enable people to buy food in the private market) rather than soup kitchens (which can be publicly provided).
T H Marshall called citizenship as 'a status bestowed on those who are full members of a community. Human rights are a further class of general rights, which apply to everyone, regardless of whether they belong to a political community.
Several international organisations, including the United Nations and the Council of Europe, promote human rights beyond citizenship. The UN's Guiding principles on extreme poverty and human rights treat poverty as a violation of human rights.
Justice There are two main approaches to justice. The Platonic idea sees justice as what is good, right or desirable. The Aristotelian view sees justice as a principle of proportionate action. Corrective justice means that the punishment should fit the crime; distributive justice means that people should have fair shares.Social class: A social class is a societies, it is most usefully confined to the social divisions in modern societies, particularly industrialized ones.
Social classes must be distinguished from status groups; Many opponents of Marxist theory have focused attention on the functional interdependence of different classes and their.
A Description of How Different Social Classes Can Be Distinguished By Inequalities PAGES 3. WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: social groups, social classes, inequalities.
Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. The goal of this course is to provide students with core concepts used in direct social work practice with client systems.
An ecological/systems perspective of person-in-environment is used to anchor generic concepts for a range of practice situations.
More in the suddenly topical vein of ‘who will rid us of those troublesome leftists’ from Sean alphabetnyc.com Chait, the problem is “It’s obvious to me why conservatives want everybody who’s alienated by the callout culture to self-identify as a conservative. This guide concerns the systematic analysis of social inequalities.
While stressing what causes social inequalities, it considers such topics as: what is a social inequality, how do social inequalities arise, why do they take different forms, why do they vary in degree across societies, what sustains social inequalities over time, how do various institutions and practices contribute to.
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